There are three fundamental problems that should be addressed peacefully in West Papua: crimes against humanity, the failure of New Order’s (Suharto regime) socio-economic and cultural development, and the reconciliation of Papua as land of peace. Democratisation in Indonesia has brought a very successful change in Papua. The majority of Papuan are now supporting the development program implemented under the special autonomy with the support of international community. Papuans are no longer facing marginalisation in their own land. Some would say it is time for a real change.
Addressing these problems is an internal matter for Indonesia’s central government and local government of Papua and West Papua provinces. However, the international community through any international organization such as the UN , NGOs and civil society movements could take part in helping the development in Papua.